Icelandic Meteorological Office observes all Iceland's volcanoes and records any warning signs of activity. 1. 2010; Bird and Gísladóttir 2014). Predictions informed scientists to tell farmers not to let animals drink from outdoor water sources as high levels of fluoride would have contaminated water and would have had deadly effects on cattle. Iceland’s … Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. Members who bring this up, quite frequently I might add, tend to forget that TA does not (and cannot) fact check responses **OR** reviews. Increased tourism, however, ultimately leads to increases in the number of tourists exposed to risks associated with volcanic eruptions. The two anonymous reviewers are also thanked for providing invaluable recommendations that helped improve the manuscript from the original. The need for evacuating the region was realised with the impact of jökulhlaups charged with volcanic debris and icebergs, travelling at very high velocities (<20 km/h) (Sigurðsson et al. The potentially life threatening flood hazard subsided after 4–5 days. Veðurstofa Íslands (2010) Update on activity: eruption in Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland. Here, residents were required to evacuate to Heimaland, which is low-lying and considered to be vulnerable to jökulhlaup. Cite as. The Eyjafjallajökull eruption in 2010 had a huge impact on the aviation industry in Europe (Donovan & Oppenheimer, 2010). The questionnaire and semi-structured interviews asked respondents to detail their: personal experience prior to and during 20 March and 14 April eruptions; affects of the eruptions on individuals, family, property and businesses (agriculture/tourism); and, use of various media sources to access information on Eyjafjallajökull and Katla. The planning was in general OK especially for Landeyjar. Icelandic Tourism Research Centre, Reykjavík, p 23. Responses to Eyjafjallajökull? A 500-meter- (2,000-foot) long fissure opened in the Fimmvörduháls pass to the west of the ice-covered summit of Eyjafjallajökull. Tourism currently accounts for more foreign exchange income than any other industry in Iceland, with employment in tourism-related industries increasing more than in any other sector of the economy (Óladóttir 2015). After the Eyjafjallajökull eruption, IMO and IES began collaborating on a catalogue of Icelandic volcanoes, financed by ICAO. The experience gained from the Eyjafjallajökull eruption is important and the immediate crisis communication strategies were effective in promoting the successful evacuation of local residents. The Minister of the Interior is head of civil protection and emergency management in Iceland with the National Commissioner of Police (NCIP) responsible for all issues at the national level (Fig. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 117. It sits close to the fourth greatest, Mýrdalsjökull, which also conceals another notorious volcano, this one called Katla. Icelandic Meteorological Office; Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland; The National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police, Reykjavik, p 206, Text Box 1: Alert Level Phases, as Assigned by the National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police (Almannavarnir, http://en.vedur.is/earthquakes-and-volcanism/articles/nr/1884, http://earthice.hi.is/eruption_eyjafjallajokull_2010, http://www.sst.is/displayer.asp?cat_id=413, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/newsnight/8631343.stm, http://www.almannavarnir.is/english/about-the-department-of-civil-protection-and-emergency-management/, http://www.almannavarnir.is/english/general-information/emergency-response/, http://www.bondi.is/lisalib/getfile.aspx?itemid=2747, http://en.vedur.is/earthquakes-and-volcanism/articles/nr/2072, https://eng.innanrikisraduneyti.is/laws-and-regulations/english/civil-protection/, http://en.vedur.is/hydrology/articles/nr/2097, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Iceland, Department of Civil Protection and Emergency Management, National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police, Nordvulk, Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, 2 Civil Protection and Emergency Management in Iceland, 4 Crisis Coordination and Communication During the Eyjafjallajökull Eruptions, 5 Beyond Eyjafjallajökull 2010—Lessons Learnt and Improvements Made in an Unpredictable, Multi-hazard Environment. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. Multiple sources of data were used to develop this narrative of crisis coordination and communication during the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruptions. Also sitting under the NCIP and managed by DCPEM is the National Crisis Coordination Centre (NCCC), comprising staff from NCIP, Emergency Call Centre 112, Icelandic Coast Guard, Icelandic Red Cross, National Health Care System, rescue teams (ICE-SAR), ISAVIA (national airport and air navigation service provider of Iceland) and others (Heiðarsson et al. EOS Trans AGU 91:190–191, Gudmundsson MT, Thordarson T, Höskuldsson Á, Larsen G, Björnsson H, Prata FJ, Oddsson B, Magnússon E, Högnadóttir T, Petersen GN, Hayward CL, Stevenson JA, Jónsdóttir I (2012) Ash generation and distribution from the April-May 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland. The event is defined and a hazard assessment is conducted regularly. 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